Alabama (United States of America)


Maine is the northernmost state in the Northeastern United States. Maine is the 12th smallest by area, the 9th least populous, and the 13th least densely populated of the 50 U.S. states. It is located in New England, bordered by New Hampshire to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast, and the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Quebec to the northeast and northwest, respectively.

As a small state in the United States, Maine has consistently maintained a steady GDP growth of about 2.1% year-over-year and its key economic sectors are in finance, insurance and real estate.


The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Maine was 1,344,212 on July 1, 2019. The state's population density is 41.3 people per square mile, making it the least densely populated state east of the Mississippi River. As of 2010, Maine was also the most rural state in the Union, with only 38.7% of the state's population living within urban areas.


Maine does not have an official language, but the most widely spoken language in the state is English. The 2000 Census reported 92.25% of Maine residents aged five and older spoke only English at home. French-speakers are the state's chief linguistic minority; census figures show that Maine has the highest percentage of people speaking French at home of any state: 5.28% of Maine households are French-speaking, compared with 4.68% in Louisiana, which is the second highest state. Although rarely spoken, Spanish is the third-most-common language in Maine, after English and French

According to the Maine Constitution, Maine Branches of Government consists of three branches: The executive, the legislative, and the judicial.

  • The executive branch The Executive Branch is responsible for execution of the laws created by the legislature and is headed by the Governor. The Governor is elected every four years, and no individual may serve more than two consecutive terms in this office.
  • The legislative branch is responsible for making the laws and is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate has 35 members who are elected every two years, and the House has 151 members who are also elected every two years.
  • The judicial branch is responsible for interpreting the laws and is headed by the Supreme Judicial Court. All judicial officers are appointed by the Governor and serve a term of seven years

The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that Maine's total gross state product for 2017 was $61.4 billion, representing a 1.4% growth rate over the previous year. Per capita personal income in 2017 was $45,072, ranking 31st nationally.

The increase was 2.2% over 2016 results. GDP CHART 2017The largest industry in Maine was the category of finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing, representing almost 21% of the total and accounted for 1.2% of real growth.

The second largest segment was government (and related enterprises) representing 14%, and experienced a decline of .06%. The largest contributor to real GDP growth in 2017 was educational services, health care and social assistance, which accounted for .30% of the total growth in real GDP. While declining, Maine is still a leading producer of paper and wood products, which are the most valuable of all manufactures in the state.


United States Dollar (USD)

Exchange Control:

Maine does not separately impose exchange control or currency regulations.

Financial services industry:

The financial services industry has become a key component of Maine's economic strength and growth. The state has been home to many banks, insurance and financial services companies for years due to tax regulation on interest rates.

Maine has a common law system. The business laws of Maine are familiar to many lawyers both in the United States and internationally.

Type of Company/Corporation:

One IBC provides incorporation in Maine service with the common type Limited Liability Company (LLC) and Corporation (C-Corp or S-Corp).

Business Restriction:

The use of the bank, trust, insurance, or reinsurance within the name of the LLC is generally prohibited as limited liability companies in most states are not allowed to engage in a banking or insurance business.

Company Name Restriction:

The name of each limited liability company and corporation cannot be the same as or deceptively similar to an existing limited liability company or corporate name.

The name of each limited liability company as set forth in its certificate of formation: Shall contain the words "Limited Liability Company" or the abbreviation "L.L.C." or the designation "LLC";

  • May contain the name of a member or manager;
  • Must be such as to distinguish it upon the records in the office of the Secretary of State from the name on such records of any corporation, partnership, limited partnership, statutory trust or limited liability company reserved, registered, formed or organized under the laws of the State of Maine or qualified to do business.
  • May contain the following words: "Company," "Association," "Club," "Foundation," "Fund," "Institute," "Society," "Union," "Syndicate," "Limited" or "Trust" (or abbreviations of like import).

Company Information privacy:

Personal information such as telephone numbers, email addresses, and social security numbers of business entity members (e.g., officers, directors, managers, members, partners, agents, and employees) is not made of a record with the Maine Secretary of State.

Just 4 simple steps are given to start a business in Maine:

  • Step 1: Select basic Resident/Founder nationality information and other additional services that you want (if any).
  • Step 2: Register or log in and fill in the company names and director/ shareholder(s) and fill in the billing address and special request (if any).
  • Step 3: Choose your payment method (We accept payment by Credit/Debit Card, PayPal, or Wire Transfer).
  • Step 4: You will receive soft copies of necessary documents including Certificate of Incorporation, Business Registration, Memorandum and Articles of Association, etc. Then, your new company in Maine is ready to do business. You can bring the documents in the company kit to open a corporate bank account or we can help you with our long experience of Banking support service.

*These documents are required to incorporate a company in Maine:

  • Passport of each shareholder/beneficial owner and director;
  • Proof of residential address of each director and shareholder (Must be in English or certified translation version);
  • The proposed company names;
  • The issued share capital and par value of shares.

Read more:

How to start a business in Maine, USA

Share Capital:

There is no minimum or a maximum number of authorized shares since Maine incorporation fees are not based on the share structure.


Only one director is required


Minimum number of shareholders is one

Maine company taxation:

Companies of primary interest to offshore investors are the corporation and the limited liability company (LLC). LLCs are a hybrid of a corporation and a partnership: they share the legal features of a corporation but may choose to be taxed as a corporation, partnership, or trust.

  • Us Federal Taxation: US Limited Liability companies structured for partnership tax treatment with non-resident members and which conduct no business in the US and which have no US-source income are not subject to US federal income tax and are not required to file a US income tax return.
  • State Taxation: US limited liability companies that conduct no business in the recommended states of formation with non-resident members are generally not subject to state income tax and are not required to file a state income tax return.

Financial statement:

There is generally no requirement to file financial statements with the state of formation unless the corporation owns assets within that state or has conducted business within that state.

Local Agent:

Maine law requires that every business have Registered Agent in the State of Maine who may be either an individual resident or business that is authorised to do business in the State of Maine

Double Taxation Agreements:

Maine, as the state-level jurisdiction within the US, has no tax treaties with non-US jurisdictions or double tax treaties with other states in the US. Rather, in the case of individual taxpayers, double taxation is minimised by providing credits against Maine taxation for taxes paid in other states.

In the case of corporate taxpayers, double taxation is minimised through allocation and appointment rules related to the income of corporations engaged in multi-state business.

License Fee & Levy:

The Maine Franchise Tax Board requires all new LLC companies, S-corporations, C-corporations that is incorporated, registered or doing business in Maine must pay the $800 minimum franchise tax

Read more:

  • Maine trademark
  • Maine business license

Payment, Company return due date:

All LLC companies, corporations are required to update their records, either annually or biannually, based on the year of registration and pay yearly $800 minimum franchise tax.

  • Corporations:

A Statement of Information must be filed with the Maine Secretary of State within 90 days after filing the Articles of Incorporation and each year thereafter during the applicable filing period. The applicable filing period is the calendar month in which the Articles of Incorporation were filed and the immediately preceding five calendar months

Most corporations must pay a minimum tax of $800 to the Maine Franchise Tax Board each year. Maine Corporation Franchise or Income Tax Return is due on the 15th day of the 4th month after the close of the corporation's tax year. Maine S Corporation Franchise or Income Tax Return is due on the 15th day of the 3rd month after the close of the corporation's tax year.

  • Limited Liability Company

Limited liability companies must file a complete Statement of Information within the first 90 days of registering with the SOS, and every 2 years thereafter before the end of the calendar month of the original registration date.

Once your limited liability company is registered with the SOS it is an active business. You are required to pay the minimum annual tax of $800 and file a tax return with FTB for each taxable year even if you are not conducting business or have no income. You have until the 15th day of the 4th month from the date you file with the SOS to pay your first-year annual tax.

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